There are three parts in the IELTS Speaking test:
Part 1–the examiner checks your ID and name. Then, the examiner asks general questions about everyday topics.
Part 2–you are given a cue card with a topic. You have one minute to prepare and then, you need to speak for 3 minutes about that subject.
Part 3–you and the examiner speak in more depth on the topic introduced in Part 2.
IELTS Speaking Part 1
In the first part of the IELTS speaking test, the examine will introduce herself / himself and check your identification (your passport or other ID) Then, the examiner asks you questions about everyday topics, such as your hometown, family, study or work.
Timing: You speak with the examiner for 3 or 4 minutes.
Common themes: Hometown, country, studies, work, food, sport, daily routine.
IELTS Speaking Part 2
Part 2 is also called the ‘’long turn’’ of the test. You are given a cue card about a topic. You’ll have one minute to prepare your speech about this subject. You will be given a pencil and paper to write notes. Then, you will speak for 1 to 2 minutes,and the examiner asks you questions about the same subject. The goal of this part is to test the speaker’s ability to speak at length, to be coherent and use language appropriately.
Timing: Part 2 is about 3 minutes long.
Common themes: Cooking, shopping, television, books, art, daily routine, hobbies, family, music, language, news, sports.
IELTS Speaking Part 3
In the third part of the IELTS Speaking Test, the examiner asks the test taker more abstract and philosophical questions about the topic raised in Part 2. The goal of this part is to test the participant in his ability to give an opinion, argue, make predictions, compare and even analyze a topic in more depth.
Timing: You speak with the examiner for 3 to 4 minutes.
Common themes: Education, the Internet, health, society, travel, work, media.
Types of questions: Opinions, predictions, cause and effect, comparing, possibilities, the past.
Criteria for IELTS
Speaking Fluency and coherence
This is your ability to speak in a continuous way without hesitation. Fluency is your ability to improvise at a normal speed. Coherence is your ability to speak in a logical manner with a clear progress in a dialogue, description or argument and the ability to use cohesive devices (conjunctions and linking words).
This refers to your ability to use a range of vocabulary appropriately. The examiner is looking for a variety of language used in an appropriate manner and to use other words, expressions or synonyms.
Grammatical range and accuracy:
This relates to your ability to use a range of grammar structures accurately. Examiners look for the use of simple and complex sentences, the use of subordinate clauses and different types of sentence structures when presenting information. The examiner will take note of grammatical errors and how they damage communication.PronunciationThis refers to your ability to be understood by the examiner. The examiner will be looking for clear pronunciation, intonation and modulation.
Method for IELTS Speaking Preparation:
- Don’t give short answers. Improvise at length.
- Use descriptive language to outline features to explain ideas.
- Grammar: use the past, simple and future accurately.
- Use connectors(for example, In my opinion, moreover…).
- Language: try to use different words and synonyms.
- Speak clearly: use accurate pronunciation.
- Record yourself and listen back when practicing for the test.